Understanding Milialar: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

4 min read


Milialar are small, dome-shaped bumps that often appear on the skin, particularly on the face. While they are usually harmless, they can be concerning for those who develop them. Understanding what causes milia, how to treat them, and ways to prevent their occurrence can help individuals manage this common skin condition effectively.

What Are Milia? Milia, also known as milk spots, are small, white or yellowish bumps that typically appear on the face, particularly around the eyes, nose, and cheeks. They can also occur on other parts of the body. These bumps are often mistaken for whiteheads or acne, but unlike acne, they are not caused by bacteria or oil buildup in the pores.

Milia develop when keratin, a protein found in the outer layer of skin, becomes trapped beneath the surface, forming small cysts. This can happen for various reasons, including:

Skin Trauma

Damage to the skin, such as burns, sunburns, or abrasions, can trigger the formation of milia.

Blocked Sweat Glands

In some cases, sweat glands become blocked, leading to the accumulation of keratin and the development of milia.

Use of Heavy Skincare Products

Certain skincare products, particularly those that are too heavy or oily, can clog pores and contribute to the formation of milia.

Genetic Factors

Some individuals may be more prone to developing milia due to genetic predispositions.

Sun Damage

Prolonged exposure to the sun can damage the skin and increase the risk of developing milia.

Treatment Options

While Milialar typically resolve on their own over time, some individuals may choose to pursue treatment options to speed up the process or to address persistent milia. Treatment options for milia include:


Gentle exfoliation can help remove dead skin cells and promote the shedding of milia. However, it’s important to use mild exfoliants to avoid irritating the skin.

Topical Retinoids

Retinoid creams or gels containing vitamin A derivatives can help promote cell turnover and prevent the formation of milia.

Lancing or Extraction

In some cases, a dermatologist may use a sterile needle or blade to puncture the milia and extract the trapped keratin. This should only be done by a trained professional to avoid scarring or infection.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels containing alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) can help exfoliate the skin and improve its texture, potentially reducing the appearance of milia.


Cryotherapy involves freezing the milia with liquid nitrogen to destroy the cysts and promote their elimination.

Prevention Strategies

While milia cannot always be prevented, there are steps individuals can take to reduce their risk of developing them:

Avoid Heavy Skincare Products

Opt for lightweight, non-comedogenic skincare products that won’t clog pores or contribute to the formation of milia.

Protect Your Skin from the Sun

Wear sunscreen daily and seek shade when outdoors to protect your skin from sun damage, which can increase the risk of milia.

Practice Gentle Skincare

Avoid harsh scrubbing or abrasive treatments that can damage the skin and lead to the formation of milia.

Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water can help keep the skin hydrated and healthy, reducing the likelihood of developing milia.

Seek Professional Advice

If you’re prone to milia or have concerns about your skin, consult a dermatologist for personalized recommendations and treatment options.


Milia are common skin bumps that can be concerning for those who develop them, but they are generally harmless and often resolve on their own. Understanding the causes of milia, treatment options, and prevention strategies can help individuals manage this condition effectively and maintain healthy, clear skin. If you have persistent milia or concerns about your skin, don’t hesitate to seek advice from a qualified dermatologist.

You May Also Like

More From Author

+ There are no comments

Add yours